Psychological and legal aspects of cyberbullying

Keywords: cruelty, violence, aggressive behaviour, cyberbullying, mental health damage, psychologigal support.


Article is devoted to the psychological and legal aspects of cyberbullying. To achieve this goal, research methods were used. The following methods were used to study the problem of cyberbullying: theoretical method (analysis and systematization of scientific literature, scientific papers, professional publications), empirical method (content analysis, observation, survey), statistical method (using methods of mathematical statistics), content analysis (used in the normative analysis of the legal framework and analysis of social networks).

The research has shown that cyberbullying is an urgent problem not only in Ukraine but also in other countries. In our opinion, public policy should be aimed at combating various types of violence against children, and a protection system should be developed and implemented at different levels.

The article proposes measures aimed at counteracting and preventing cyberbullying (creating a healthy psychological environment, trainings and lectures on cyberbullying, fostering mutual respect, support, kindness and empathy; systematic sessions with a psychologist, etc.)

Increasing the use of the Internet has led to a growing number of cases of online harassment. One of the ways to solve the problem is to develop measures to prevent and combat cyberbullying. The authors conclude that cyberbullying is becoming increasingly common and has a negative impact on a person's future. Cyberbullying is mostly about causing emotional harm, but it can escalate into open harassment, which usually includes physical intimidation and beatings.

The article states that parents, teachers/educators should be an example of tolerant behavior, organize various activities to bring them closer to students, be sure to work with a psychologist, involve children in various clubs/sections, creative work, where respect and goodwill will be promoted. The parents and others should also respond to all forms of violence and harassment against children.


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Author Biographies

O. L. Matsiuk, Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine”

Master of Psychology,

Department of Educational Work (head).

I. V. Maslyanikova, Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine”

Candidate of Psychological Sciences,

Department of Psychology (associate professor).


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Barragán Martín, A. B., Molero Jurado, M. d. M., Pérez-Fuentes, M. d. C., Simón Márquez, M. d. M., Martos Martínez, Á., Sisto, M., & Gázquez Linares, J. J. (2021). Study of Cyberbullying among Adolescents in Recent Years: A Bibliometric Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18.

Gordon, S. (2022, July 22). How to Prevent Cyberbullying. Verywell Family.

How to Cite
Matsiuk, O. L. and Maslyanikova, I. V. (2023) “Psychological and legal aspects of cyberbullying”, Bulletin of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, 103(4), pp. 369-376. doi: 10.32631/v.2023.4.35.