Legal regulation of inheritance relations under martial law

Keywords: term for acceptance of inheritance, additional term, will of a serviceman, certificate, martial law.


The article is devoted to the problems of legal regulation of inheritance relations under martial law. It has been analyzed the scientific works whose authors studied the peculiarities of legal regulation of inheritance relations under martial law. It is indicated that legal regulation of inheritance relations under martial law requires consideration of the following issues: 1) temporary restriction of constitutional rights and freedoms of human beings and citizens and rights and legitimate interests of legal entities due to the threat of restriction, with indication of the duration of such restrictions; 2) assistance in the exercise of civil rights and fulfillment of civil obligations by participants to such relations.

It has been examined the restrictions on the rights and freedoms of participants to inheritance relations precisely because of their temporal component in the following areas: determining the place of time values in the relevant mechanism of legal regulation using the example of the period of inheritance acceptance; establishing the hierarchy of regulations which introduce such restrictions; and novelizing the relevant regulatory provisions.

It has been suggested that the legal regulation of inheritance relations in this part should be harmonized between the Civil Code of Ukraine and the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On some Issues of Notaries under Martial Law” No. 164 dated February 28, 2022. It has been pointed out that it is appropriate to use the concept of “additional” term in the above-mentioned regulatory act as opposed to “extended” or “renewed” term.

With a view to improving the organizational and legal support of the procedure for certifying the wills of servicemen, it is proposed to: develop a departmental regulatory document containing detailed instructions for the actions of military unit commanders regarding the procedure for certifying the wills of servicemen and other persons; prepare methodological recommendations containing methodological instructions to military unit commanders on their behaviour within the framework of the above procedure; as part of the training and retraining of the command staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, other military formations and military lawyers, to include in the relevant educational curricula a block of training issues on the procedure for certifying wills by this category of officials.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

V. P. Makovii, Odessa State University of Internal Affairs

Candidate (Ph.D.) of Juridical Sciences, DocentCandidate (Ph.D.) of Juridical Sciences, Docent.
Department of Civil Law Disciplines (head).

O. I. Yakymets, National Academy of Internal Affairs (Kyiv)

Candidate (Ph.D.) of Juridical Sciences, Docent.
Department of Civil Law Disciplines (professor).

Z. I. Knysh, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University (Lutsk)

Candidate (Ph.D.) of Juridical Sciences.
Department of Civil Law Disciplines (senior lecturer).


Teremetskyi V.I., 2017. Modern problems of the succession law of Ukraine [Suchasni problemy spadkovoho prava Ukrainy]. Vìsnik Marìupolʹsʹkogo deržavnogo unìversitetu. Serìâ: Pravo – Bulletin of Mariupol State University. Series: Law, Iss. 14, pp. 99-106.

Kukhariev O.Ye., 2022. Actual aspects of the heirs’ exercise of the right to inherit under martial law [Aktualni aspekty zdiisnennia spadkoiemtsiamy prava na pryiniattia spadshchyny v umovakh voiennoho stanu]. Juridical Scientific and Electronic Journal, No. 11, pp. 222-225.

Pechenyi O.P., 2022. War as a factor influencing inheritance legal relations [Viina yak faktor vplyvu na spadkovi pravovidnosyny]. [online] LexInform. Available at (Accessed 7 December 2022).

Movchan A., 2022. Inheritance during the war [Spadkuvannia pid chas viiny]. [online] European Business Association. Available at (Accessed 7 December 2022).

Karmaza O.O., 2022. Protection of the hereditary rights of citizens under martial law: problematic issues and ways to solve them [Zahist spadkovyh prav hromadian v umovakh voiennoho stanu: problemni pytannia ta shliahi yikh vyrishennia]. In: Tsiura V.V. (Ed.), Implementation and protection of civil rights under martial law. Matveev’s civic readings [Realizatsiia ta zakhyst tsyvilnykh prav v umovakh voiennoho stanu. Matvieievski tsyvilistichni chytannia]. Kyiv, 14 October. Kyiv. Pp. 66-69.

Hruba D., 2022. Military inheritance: peculiarities of inheritance during martial law [Voienna spadshchyna: osoblyvosti spadkuvannia pid chas voiennoho stanu]. [online] PRAVO.UA. Available at (Accessed 7 December 2022).

Michurin Ye.O., 2009. Limitation of property rights of natural persons (civil-law aspect) [Obmezhennia mainovykh prav fizychnykh osib (tsyvilno-pravovyi aspekt)]. D.Sc. dissertation. Research Institute of Private Law and Entrepreneurship.

Makovii V.P., 2021. Temporal values in the paradigm of modernization of civil legislation [Temporalni velychyny u paradyhmi modernizatsii tsyvilnoho zakonodavstva]. Naukovij vìsnik Dnìpropetrovsʹkogo deržavnogo unìversitetu vnutrìšnìh sprav – Scientific Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, No. 3, pp. 148-153.

Makovii V.P., 2014. Terms of acceptance of inheritance in civil law [Stroky pryiniattia spadshchyny v tsyvilnomu pravi]. Pìvdennoukraïnsʹkij pravničij časopis – South Ukrainian Law Journal, No. 1, pp. 72-75.

Sukhareva A.O., 2019. Certificate of testament by an official, an official [Posvidchennia zapovitu posadovoiu, sluzhbovoiu osoboiu]. Ph.D. dissertation. Ternopil National Economic University.

Makovii V.P. and Sukhareva A.O., 2020. Certification of a will by an official: theory and practice [Posvidchennia zapovitu posadovoiu, sluzhbovoiu osoboiu: teoriia ta praktyka]. Odesa: ODUVS.

How to Cite
Makovii, V. P., Yakymets, O. I. and Knysh, Z. I. (2022) “Legal regulation of inheritance relations under martial law”, Bulletin of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, 99(4), pp. 93-107. doi: 10.32631/v.2022.4.08.
Civil Law and Civil Procedure; Family Law; International and Legal Direction in