The meaning and concept of public safety and order

Keywords: public safety, public order, civil order, civil safety.


The article is devoted to the analysis of the legal category of public safety and order, because it is currently relevant and researched in our country. This question plays an important and great role in our social life, which is determined by the highest social values of a person and a citizen. Therefore, it is the state that is entrusted with the task of fully ensuring public safety, public order and peace of our society.The article studies the scientific research in this area, considers and analyses many views of state and foreign scientists, pays much attention to the meaning and concept of "public safety" and "public order", defines the purpose and objectives of the scientific research. A comparison of concepts with related notions such as “public safety” and “public order” has been also made. Ukrainian explanatory dictionary has been used for analysis and justification.The article also mentions many scholars, their works and their interpretations, as well as their agreement and disagreement regarding the considerations of public safety and order. The view on the definition of the concepts of public safety and public order in the context of the National Police of Ukraine has been specified. And it has been also stated that the concept of “public safety” and “public order” is absorbed by a broader and more meaningful concept, such as “civil safety” and “civil order”.The opinions regarding the identification of concepts and terms have been substantiated. It has been appealed to the Basic Law of the State, namely the Constitution of Ukraine and to the Law of Ukraine “On the National Police of Ukraine”. The concepts of “public safety” and “public order”, as well as “civil safety” and “civil order” have been studied. The tasks and principles of the National Police of Ukraine have been mentioned. Attention has also been paid to the broad and narrow aspects of the concept of “public order”. At the end of the article, it has been rightly noted that the simultaneous use or identification of these concepts continues the legal conflict in the field of public security and order.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

D. S. Tykhonova, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs

Candidate (Ph.D.) of Juridical Sciences, Docent.
Department of Law-Enforcement Activity and Policeistics.


Komissarov S., 2019. Structure and main elements definitions of “public order” [Struktura ta osnovni elementy definitsii “publichnyi poriadok”]. Pìdpriêmnictvo, gospodarstvo ì pravo – Entrepreneurship, Economy and Law, No. 9, pp. 116-120.

Fatkhutdinov V.H., 2015. Frequency of operationalization and contextual use of the term “public security” in the Law of Ukraine on the “National Police of Ukraine” [Chastotnist operatsionalizatsii ta kontekstualnist vykorystannia terminu “publichna bezpeka” v Zakoni Ukrainy pro «Natsionalnu politsiiu Ukrainy”]. [online] Global Allied Leadership Organization. Available at [Accessed 18 November 2022].

Fatkhutdinov V.H., 2015. Public vs public in the mirror of legal hermeneutics [Hromadskyi vs publichnyi u dzerkali pravnychoi hermenevtyky]. [online] Global Allied Leadership Organization. Available at [Accessed 18 November 2022].

Barba V.Ye., 2018. The concept of public safety and order as an object of interaction between territorial units of the National Police and local self-government bodies [Poniattia publichnoi bezpeky i poriadku yak obiekta vzaiemodii terytorialnykh pidrozdiliv Natsionalnoi politsii z orhanamy mistsevoho samovriaduvannia]. Pìvdennoukraïnsʹkij pravničij časopis – South Ukrainian Law Journal, No. 4, Vol. 1, pp. 32-36.

Loshytskyi M.V., 2002. Administrative and legal relations in the sphere of protection of public order [Administratyvno-pravovi vidnosyny u sferi okhorony hromadskoho poriadku]. Ph.D. dissertation. Kyiv.

Panova O.O., 2016. Concept, meaning and significance of public safety and order [Poniattia, zmist i znachennia publichnoi bezpeky ta poriadku]. Naukovij vìsnik Hersonsʹkogo deržavnogo unìversitetu. Serìâ Ûridičnì nauki – Scientific Herald of Kherson State University, Iss. 6, Vol. 2, pp. 133-136.

Batrachenko O.V., 2014. Concepts and signs of public safety and order as objects of administrative and legal protection [Poniattia ta oznaky publichnoi bezpeky ta poriadku yak obiektiv administratyvno-pravovoi okhorony]. Naukovij vìsnik Užgorodsʹkogo nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu – Uzhhorod National University Herald, Iss. 29, Part 2, Vol. 3, pp. 84-86.

Tatsii V.Ya., Bytiak Yu.P., Hroshevyi Yu.M. and Tsvik M.V., 1996. The Constitution of Ukraine is the basis for reforming society [Konstytutsiia Ukrainy – osnova reformuvannia suspilstva]. Kharkiv: Pravo.

Sokurenko V.V. (ed.), 2017. Management of the bodies of the National Police of Ukraine [Upravlinnia orhanamy Natsionalnoi politsii Ukrainy]. Kharkiv: Stylna typohrafiia.

Dolynnyi A.V., 2017. Administrative and legal provision of public safety and order during mass events by the National Police of Ukraine [Administratyvno-pravove zabezpechennia Natsionalnoiu politsiieiu Ukrainy publichnoi bezpeky i poriadku pid chas provedennia masovykh zakhodiv]. Ph.D. dissertation. Kyiv.

Zozulia I.V. and Dovhan O.I., 2015. The Law of Ukraine “On the National Police”: public or public safety? [Zakon Ukrainy “Pro Natsionalnu politsiiu”: publichna chy hromadska bezpeka?]. Forum prava – Forum of Law, [online] No. 5, pp. 85-92. Available at [Accessed 18 November 2022].

How to Cite
Tykhonova, D. S. (2022) “The meaning and concept of public safety and order”, Bulletin of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, 99(4), pp. 191-197. doi: 10.32631/v.2022.4.16.
Administrative Law and Procedure; Financial Law