Ukrainian-Russian Relationship in 1917-1918: History Lessons

  • I. A. Lohvynenko Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
  • Ye. S. Lohvynenko Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
Keywords: Ukrainian-Russian relations, Ukrainian Central Rada, Ukrainian People’s Republic, Soviet People’s Commissar of Russia, state of Ukraine, Russian Federation, Russian chauvinism, “Russian world”.


The author has carried out a comparative analysis of Ukrainian-Russian relationship between the days of the Ukrainian Central Rada and the modern period. The character and ideological basis of stable tendencies in Russia’s policy towards Ukraine have been demonstrated. The similarity in the approaches of the Russian central government to the so-called “solution of the Ukrainian issue” has been determined; the essence of Russian chauvinism in understanding the right of nations to self-determination has been demonstrated. The causes and consequences of the war between Soviet Russia and the Ukrainian People’s Republic have been analyzed. The author has determined the main significant, fateful mistakes of the leaders of the Central Rada within relations with the People’s Commissar of Russia, which led to the loss of authority and support of the Ukrainian people for national power and, as a consequence, the collapse of the Ukrainian People’s Republic. The nature and essence of the ideology of the so-called “Russian world” have been revealed. It has been concluded that the history of Ukrainian statehood in 1917-1918 is instructive in many aspects, since it shows that one of the main reasons for the defeat of the Ukrainian Central Rada, which ultimately failed to defend the Ukrainian People’s Republic, was the lack of necessary consolidation of national political forces in solving urgent state affairs (creation and development of own army, timely solution of social, economic problems, efficiency of work of legislative and executive agencies, etc.). It has been noted that the challenges currently facing the Ukrainian state – Russia’s annexation of Crimea, the invasion of its troops in the East, the information war, the propaganda of the so-called “Russian world”, etc. – are not new. In many ways, they repeat what happened in 1917-1918. In particular, the proclamation of puppet pseudo-republics “DNR” and “LNR” in the East of Ukraine, through which Russian troops de facto launched the war against Ukraine. That is why modern Ukrainian politicians need to learn the lessons from the past. Nowadays, when Ukraine is defending its independence from Russia, Ukrainian statesmen and politicians must abandon their narrow party and self-interests and work together to protect national achievements from the encroachments of the “Russian world”, the most important of which is the state of Ukraine.


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Author Biographies

I. A. Lohvynenko, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs

Candidate (Ph. D.) of Historical Sciences, Docent.
Department of theory and history of state and law (head).

Ye. S. Lohvynenko, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs

Candidate (Ph. D.) of Juridical Sciences, Docent.
Department of constitutional and international law (associate professor).


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How to Cite
Lohvynenko, I. A. and Lohvynenko, Y. S. (2020) “Ukrainian-Russian Relationship in 1917-1918: History Lessons”, Bulletin of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, 89(2), pp. 26-35. doi: 10.32631/v.2020.2.02.
Theory and Philosophy of Law; Comparative Law; History of Law and State