Essence and Specific Features of State Regulation in the Field of Air Transport
The emphasis has been placed on the fact that an important direction in the development of air transport infrastructure is the increase of the efficiency of state regulation in the field of aviation transport. The author has analyzed the existing scientific approaches to the interpretation of the terms of “state regulation”, “state management”, “public management”, “public administration”, “legal regulation”; has revealed the peculiarities of their relationship. It has been argued that state regulation, state management and public administration are interrelated legal categories that differ in the object of management (regulation), purpose, forms and methods of implementation of management (regulatory) measures, as well as the range of entities authorized to implement these measures. It has been substantiated that state regulation is a process implemented by various branches of government by available legal means in order to ensure regulatory impact on the relevant social environment, focused on creating conditions for effective operation of entities and facilities in areas desirable and useful for certain industries. and the state in the whole.
It has been established that the state regulation in the field of air transport should be understood as a purposeful process of implementing regulatory measures by the state in the person of authorized agencies in order to streamline social processes (public and legal relations between entities and objects of aviation), establishing general rules of conduct while transportation of passengers and cargoes by air, rendering other aviation services, designing, manufacture and service of air transport.
It has been noted that the state regulation in the field of air transport is a system category, which consists of interdependent components, the combination of which allows to achieve the goals in a timely manner using the appropriate set of resources. Thus, the state regulation in the field of air transport is the system consisting of the following components: purpose and objectives; principles of regulation; object of regulation; subject of regulation; forms and methods of regulation; relations that arise during regulation.
The peculiarities inherent in the state regulation in the field of air transport have been singled out.
Nahrebelnyi V.P. and Onishchuk M.V., 1999. State regulation [Derzhavne rehuliuvannia]. In: Shemshuchenko Yu.S. (ed.) et al. Legal encyclopedia [Yurydychna entsyklopediia]: in 6 vols. Vol. 2. Kyiv: Ukrainska entsyklopediia.
Boshytskyi Yu.L. (ed.), 2010. Small encyclopedia of the theory of state and law [Mala entsyklopediia teorii derzhavy i prava]. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo Yevropeiskoho universytetu.
Kravchun O.S., 2012. Mechanisms of state regulation of investment activity in Ukraine [Mekhanizmy derzhavnoho rehuliuvannia investytsiinoi diialnosti v Ukraini]. Teorìâ ta praktika deržavnogo upravlìnnâ – Theory and Practice of Public Administration, Iss. 3, pp. 323-332.
Atamanchuk G.V., 2006. Government theory [Teoriya gosudarstvennogo upravleniya]. Moscow: Omega-L.
Martynenko V.M., 2010. Democratic governance: problems of theory and practice [Demokratychne vriaduvannia: problemy teorii ta praktyky]. Publìčne upravlìnnâ: teorìâ ta praktika – Public Management: Theory and Practise, No. 1, pp. 16-22.
Bytiak Yu.P., Harashchuk V.M. and Zui V.V. (eds), 2010. Administrative law [Administratyvne pravo]. Kharkiv: Pravo.
Stetsenko S.H., 2007. Administrative law of Ukraine [Administratyvne pravo Ukrainy]. Kyiv: Atika.
Yusupov V.A., 1972. Scientific foundations of public administration in the USSR [Nauchnye osnovy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya v SSSR]. Kazan`: Izdatel`stvo Kazanskogo universiteta.
Melnyk R.S., 2012. Category "public administration" in a new interpretation [Katehoriia “publichne upravlinnia” u novii interpretatsii]. Pravo ì suspìlʹstvo – Law and Society, [online] No. 6, pp. 95-98. Available at http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/Pis_2012_6_21.pdf [Accessed 22 May 2020].
Buhaichuk K.L., 2019. Public administration in the bodies of the National Police of Ukraine [Publichne administruvannia v orhanakh Natsionalnoi politsii Ukrainy]. Kharkiv: Panov.
Vyrovyi S.I., 2014. Public governance: problems of theory and practice [Publichne vriaduvannia: problemy teorii ta praktyky]. In: Kovbasiuk Yu.V., Romaniuk S.A. and Obolenskyi O.Yu. (eds). Public administration: ways of development [Publichne upravlinnia: shlikhy rozvytku]: in 2 vols. Vol. 1. Kyiv, 26 November. Kyiv: NADU. Pp. 61-62.
Havkalova N.L., 2014. Public administration: methodological aspect [Publichne upravlinnia: metodolohichnyi aspekt]. In: Kovbasiuk Yu.V., Romaniuk S.A. and Obolenskyi O.Yu. (eds). Public administration: ways of development [Publichne upravlinnia: shlikhy rozvytku]: in 2 vols. Vol. 1. Kyiv, 26 November. Kyiv: NADU. Pp. 16-18.
Meltiukhova N.M., Korzhenko V.V., Didok Yu.V. et al., 2010. Foreign experience of public administration [Zarubizhnyi dosvid publichnoho administruvannia]. Kyiv: NADU. (Ed.: Meltiukhova N.M.)
Bezpalova O.I., 2017. Legal support of management of police bodies of Ukraine [Pravove zabezpechennia upravlinnia orhanamy politsii Ukrainy]. Admìnìstrativne pravo ì proces – Administrative Law and Process, No. 9, pp. 111-115.
Kulish A.M., 2003. Organizational and legal support for the status of employees of the tax police of Ukraine [Orhanizatsiino-pravove zabezpechennia statusu pratsivnykiv podatkovoi militsii Ukrainy]. Ph.D. dissertation. National University of Internal Affairs.
Antoshchyshyna N.I., 2013. The system of state regulation of air transportation in Ukraine [Systema derzhavnoho rehuliuvannia aviatsiinykh perevezen v Ukraini]. Investytsiyi: praktyka ta dosvid – Investment: Practice and Experience, [online] No. 23, pp. 31-34. Available at http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/ipd_2013_23_8.pdf [Accessed 22 May 2020].
Demchenko D.O., 2012. State policy in the field of air transport in Ukraine: features and main directions of development [Derzhavna polityka v sferi povitrianoho transportu v Ukraini: osoblyvosti ta osnovni napriamy rozvytku]. Ekonomika ta derzhava, [online] No. 9, pp. 115-118. Available at http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/ecde_2012_9_34.pdf [Accessed 22 May 2020].
Copyright (c) 2020 O. V. Brusakova
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.