Realization by the Children's Parents of Their Right to Freedom of Movement
The subject matter of the work is the current legislation of Ukraine on the right to freedom of movement and the practice of its application. At present, the mechanism for parents to exercise their child’s right to freedom of movement is primarily designed to ensure the right of parents and children to communicate freely with each other. However, it somewhat restricts the child’s right to freedom of movement. Judicial practice demonstrates that cases of granting permission for temporary departure of a child abroad without the consent of the father (mother) and cases of returning the child to permanent residence in Ukraine are often decided by courts without taking into account the interests of the child. The purpose of the research is to analyze the current legislation of Ukraine, which establishes the mechanism for exercising the child’s right to freedom of movement by his parents and the practice of its application. The author of the article for the first time has studied and analyzed the main aspects of the mechanism of exercising the child’s right to freedom of movement. Based on a consistent analysis, the author has elaborated recommendations to eliminate differences in the current regulatory acts, the norms of which establish the mechanism for exercising the child’s right to freedom of movement, in order to avoid unjustified restrictions on this right.
The example of the child’s right to freedom of movement can assist in tracing the organic interaction between public and private law mechanisms for regulating the exercise of this right. The sphere of public law establishes the general content of this right and the basic conditions of its exercise. Private law establishes certain mechanisms for exercising this right and ensures its protection.
It has been concluded that public authorities while exercising the right of a child to freedom of movement by parents, are largely based on the principle of equal rights and responsibilities of parents in the upbringing children, while the best interests of the child should be given priority.
Besides, certain requirements of the Family Code of Ukraine create additional bureaucratic obstacles and restrict the child’s right to freedom of movement. It is important to find a balance between the interests of the child, his parents and public order, as well as the time factor that can both positively and negatively affect the child’s relationship with a parent who does not live with the child. An urgent issue for Ukraine is the development of an effective mechanism for implementing decisions on the return of a child to his / her place of permanent residence.
Mykolaienko Yu.I., 2019. Theoretical legal grounds for exercising the human rights of freedom of movement and free choice of place of residence in Ukraine [Teoretyko-pravovi zasady realizatsii prav liudyny na svobodu peresuvannia ta vilnyi vybir mistsia prozhyvannia v Ukraini]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. KROK University of Economics and Law.
Fihel Yu.O., 2016. Theoretical legal aspects of legitimate abrogation of the freedom of movement and free choice of place of residence [Teoretyko-pravovi aspekty pravomirnoho obmezhennia svobody peresuvannia ta vilnoho vyboru mistsia prozhyvannia]. Vìsnik Nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu “Lʹvìvsʹka polìtehnìka”. Serìâ: Ûridičnì nauki – Bulletin of Lviv Polytechnic National University. Series: Legal Sciences, No. 845, pp. 434-438.
Holubka I.I., 2014. Constitutional legal regulation of the freedom of movement in Ukraine and European Union Countries: comparative analysis [Konstytutsiino-pravove rehuliuvannia obmezhennia prava na svobodu peresuvannia v Ukraini ta krainakh Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu: porivnialnyi analiz]. Naukovij vìsnik Užgorodsʹkogo nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu. Serìâ Pravo – Uzhhorod National University Herald. Series: Law, Iss. 29, Part 2, Vol. 2, pp. 11-14.
Dudnyk I., 2017. Freedom of movement and the choice of place of residence [Svoboda peresuvannia i pravo na vybir mistsia prozhyvannia]. [online] The Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union. Available at https://helsinki.org.ua/svoboda-peresuvannya-i-pravo-na-vybir-mistsya-prozhyvannya-i-dudnik/ [Accessed 22 June 2020].
Liubchenko M.O., 2015. Constitutional legal regulation of the freedom of movement on the territory of Ukraine [Konstytutsiino-pravove rehuliuvannia prava na svobodu peresuvannia na terytorii Ukrainy]. Sudova apelâcìâ, No. 3, pp. 65-75.
Mykhailyshyn I.V., 2012. The content of the citizens’ right to freedom of movement and free choice of place of residence [Zmist prava hromadian na vilne peresuvannia ta vybir mistsia prozhyvannia]. Pravo bezpeka, No. 3, pp. 32-37.
Kokhanovska O.V., 2015. The problems of exercising the right of freedom of movement and free choice of place of residence in Ukraine and the European Court practice [Problemy realizatsii prava na svobodu peresuvannia v Ukraini i praktyka Yevropeiskoho sudu]. Časopis civìlìstiki, Iss. 18, pp. 157-163.
Krasytska L.V., 2014. Problems of exercising and protection of personal and economic rights of parents and children [Problemy zdiisnennia ta zakhystu osobystykh ta mainovykh prav batkiv i ditei]. Kyiv: Lira-K.
Punda O.O., 2013. The right for freedom of movement in the context of usage of electronic control gadgets and systems of intellectual visual surveillance [Pravo na svobodu peresuvannia u konteksti vykorystannia elektronnykh prystroiv dystantsiinoho kontroliu ta system intelektualnoho videosposterezhennia]. Mitna bezpeka – Customs Security, No. 2, pp. 100-107.
Stefanchuk M.O., 2017. The issues of adaptation of Ukrainian legislation on the natural persons’ rights for the freedom of movement to the European Union standards [Pytannia adaptatsii zakonodavstva Ukrainy shchodo prava fizychnoi osoby na svobodu peresuvannia do standartiv Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu]. Juridical Scientific and Electronic Journal, [online] No. 4, pp. 49-52. Available at http://lsej.org.ua/4_2017/13.pdf [Accessed 22 June 2020].
Stefanchuk R.O., 2008. Personal non-economic rights of natural persons (definition, content, system, particularities of exercising and protection) [Osobysti nemainovi prava fizychnykh osib (poniattia, zmist, systema, osoblyvosti zdiisnennia ta zakhystu)]. Kyiv: KNT.
Copyright (c) 2020 V. Yu. Yevko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.