Financial and Legal Regulation of the Security of Economic Activity
The author of the article studies financial relations between the state and business entities, whose legal regulation has a significant impact on the security of economic activity as an important component of national security. The author analyzes internal and external factors affecting the finances that are at the disposal of business entities, the state of which depends on the security of economic activity. The components of financial security of business entities are studied from the point of view of organization of finances and management of the movement of financial resources, ensured by the financial and legal regulation by the state. The directions of financial and legal regulation of the security of economic activity are analyzed as an important condition for ensuring the stability, sustainability and efficiency of the movement of finances at the level of business entities.
It has been established that the legal provision of financial security of business entities is based on regulatory basis that defines the principles, methods, functions and powers of public authorities’ activity and activity of local self-government agencies in all components of the financial system, namely in budgetary, tax, currency, banking, investment, etc., in particular in the area of financial control, which facilitates the establishment of the legitimacy of financial activities and the rational use of finances. It has been determined that there is no regulatory support for financial security at all levels of the economy, including the activity of business entities, as a coherent state policy. The author proves the expediency of developing and implementing a law defining the types of threats to the stability of financial activity and the principles of counteraction, the powers of the state authorities to counteract, prevent and eliminate the threats in the financial sphere, the components of the mechanism of protection of financial interests of business entities. It has been established that financial control is the component of financial activity of business entities, and therefore the Law of Ukraine “On the Basic Principles of Exercising State Financial Control in Ukraine” needs to be improved regarding the methods and types of financial control, powers of controlling entities in order to ensure the security of economic activity.
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