Historical and Legal Features for the Development of Legal (Law) Education in 30-40s of the XX Century
Historical and legal features for the development of legal (law) education in the pre-war period on the territory of modern Ukraine, as well as the state of regulatory provision of the educational process in higher educational institutions have been studied. The genesis of Ukrainian legal education has been analyzed and the state of training of legal personnel for state authorities has been characterized. Some features of the University education system and unification policy of the Soviet government have been highlighted. The disadvantages and advantages of the development of legal education in the studied period have been outlined.
It has been substantiated that on the eve of the Second World War there was the system of University legal education in Ukraine, which emerged on the basis of Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Odesa and Chernivtsi Universities. The Soviet model of higher education of the outlined period proved itself to be a system which was accompanied by repression and arbitrariness of the authorities, imposition of Marxist ideology and lawlessness in all spheres of public life, which affected the educational activity of law faculties.
There were two opposite tendencies in 30s and 40s of the XX century: on the one hand, the return to University legal education, the normative consolidation and streamlining of the educational process, the increase in the quantitative indicators of the training of lawyers for various sectors of the national economy; on the other hand, the reorganization of a number of higher educational institutions, including those which had law faculties and emerged in independent Ukraine after 1917, namely the Kyiv Ukrainian People’s University and the Ukrainian State University in Kamianets-Podilskyi, and unjustified Stalinist repression, the imposition of Marxist ideology.
Holoviy L.V., 2010. Organizational and Legal Principles of Providing Educational Services by Higher Educational Institutions of Ukraine [Orhanizatsiino-pravovi zasady nadannia osvitnikh posluh vyshchymy navchalnymy zakladamy Ukrainy]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine.
Korotenko N.M., 2010. University Education in Soviet Ukraine (1933-1941) [Universytetska osvita v radianskii Ukraini (1933-1941 rr.)]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
Parpan U.M., 2018. The Legal Nature of Higher Education in Ukraine: A Theoretical and Legal Dimension [Pravova pryroda vyshchoi osvity v Ukraini: teoretyko-pravovyi vymir]. D.Sc. dissertation. National University “Lviv Polytechnic”.
Shemshuchenko Yu.S., 2005. Favorites [Vybrane]. Kyiv: Yurydychna dumka.
Pitov V.I. (ed.), 1967. High School of the Ukrainian SSR for 50 Years. Part One (1917-1945) [Vyshcha shkola Ukrainskoi RSR za 50 rokiv. Chastyna persha (1917-1945 rr.)]. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo Kyivskoho universytetu.
Tatsiy V.Ya., Stashys V.V., Panov M.I. et al. (ed. board), 2004. Yaroslav Mudryi National Law Academy of Ukraine. 1804-2004 [Natsionalna yurydychna akademiia Ukrainy imeni Yaroslava Mudroho. 1804-2004]. Kyiv: In Yure.
Cheptsov A., 1938. Job placement of Universities’ graduates [Raspredelenie okonchivshikh yuridicheskie vuzy na rabotu]. Sovetskaya yustitsiya, No. 22, pp. 26-27.
Sedov, 1929. Distance legal education for law officers [Zaochnoe yuridicheskoe obrazovanie dlya rabotnikov yustitsii]. Ezhenedel`nik sovetskoi yustitsii, No. 22, pp. 509-511. Available at http://elib.uraic.ru/bitstream/123456789/3650/1/sovetskaya_yustitsiya_1929_22.pdf [Accessed 1 May 2019].
Khodakov V.E., 2006. Higher Education in Ukraine: A View From the Outside and From the Inside [Vyshchee obrazovanie v Ukraine: vzglyad so storony i iznutri]. 2nd ed. Kherson: KhNTU.
Copyright (c) 2019 N. A. Bondar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.