The Main Determinants of Military Violent Crime
It has been stated that violent crime of military personnel is conditioned both by general determinants for the whole crime and by special criminogenic factors.
The author of the article has highlighted the main determinants of such crime in details. They traditionally include the following determinants: economic, political, ideological, cultural, national, socio-biological, socio-psychological, organizational and administrative, legal, etc. Their specific features, causes, consequences and mutual influence at the present stage of Ukraine’s development have been determined; and certain ways of improving the situation have been specified.
Particular attention has been paid to determinants of violent crimes committed by military personnel during combat operations. The author has indicated on predominance of the socio-psychological nature of crimes in such conditions and the prevalence of certain manifestations of post-traumatic stress disorders among the participants of hostilities in Eastern Ukraine; the author has noted that such disorders have recently been identified by psychologists as “ATO syndrome”.
The author has expressed opinion that commission of violent, lucrative and violent crimes by military personnel during combat operations is in many cases a consequence of the influence of specific social and psychological determinants, where researchers name: weakening of social control factors; exacerbation of problems of meeting the needs for existence; increasing the level of nervousness of the population, increasing the conflict level in interpersonal relationships; weakening the morality, etc.
It has been emphasized that the elimination of these criminogenic determinants should be a priority in the prevention of violent crimes by military personnel.
Karpenko N.I., 2012. Causes and Prevention of Crimes Against the Established Order of Military Service (Military Offenses) [Prychyny i zapobihannia zlochynam proty vstanovlenoho poriadku nesennia viiskovoi sluzhby (viiskovym zlochynam)]. Ûridična nauka – Juridical Science, No. 10, pp. 61-70.
Dzeban A.P., 2000. Socialization of Serviceman in Conditions of Transformation of the Ukrainian Society (Social-Philosophical Analysis) [Sotsializatsiia viiskovosluzhbovtsia v umovakh transformatsii ukrainskoho suspilstva (socialno-filosofskyi analiz)]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. Kharkiv Military University.
Buryak О.О., Ginevskiy M.I. and Katerusha G.L., 2015. Military Syndrome of ATO: Actuality and Ways of Decision at State Level [Viiskovyi syndrom ATO aktualnist ta shliakhy vyrishennia na derzhavnomu rivni]. Scientific Works of Kharkiv National Air Force University, No. 2, pp. 176-181.
Dzhuzha O.M. and Harkusha A.V., 2014. The Relevance of Criminologic Study of Extreme Conditions (Situations) That Facilitate Crime During Anti-Terrorist Operation [Aktualnist kryminolohichnoho doslidzhennia ekstremalnykh umov (sytuatsii), shcho spryiaiut zlochynnosti pid chas provedennia antyterorystychnoi operatsii]. Ûridičnij časopis Nacìonal’noï akademìï vnutrìšnìh sprav – Legal journal of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, No. 2, pp. 27-36.
Poliakov S.Yu., 2012. Administrative and Legal Principles of Ensuring Rule of Law and Public Order Within the Armed Forces of Ukraine [Administratyvno-pravovi zasady zabezpechennia zakonnosti ta pravoporiadku u Zbroinykh Sylakh Ukrainy]. Kharkiv: Pravo.
Davydenko V.S., 2006. The Foundations of Crime Investigation Methods Related to the Violation of Statutory Rules of Conduct Between the Servicemen in the Absence of Subordinate Relations [Osnovy metodyky rozsliduvannia zlochyniv, poviazanykh z porushenniam statutnykh pravyl vzaiemovidnosyn mizh viskovosluzhbovtsiamy za vidsutnistiu vidnosyn pidlehlosti]. Ph.D. dissertation. Kyiv National University of Internal Affairs.
Copyright (c) 2019 Ye. M. Pashchenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.