Concepts and types of administrative and legal means of ensuring economic security by the National Police of Ukraine
The author of the article has analyzed the existing doctrinal provisions concerning the definition of the terms “a method”, “a measure”, “a way” and “a mean” and the categories of “legal means”, “administrative and legal means”. It has been emphasized that administrative and legal means in the complex are one of the effective structural elements of the protective activity of state authorities aimed at the formation and development of social relations in various fields (including in the field of economics).
The author has revealed the significance of administrative and legal means for ensuring the implementation of the security function of the state in the whole and administrative and legal protection, in particular, which became the basis for outlining the forms of administrative and legal protection in the context of its implementation through the realization of administrative and legal means.
As a result, the author has offered own approach to the definition of the concept of administrative and legal means of ensuring economic security by the National Police of Ukraine. The analysis of the current administrative law and the practice of its application and, respectively, the powers of the main units of the National Police, which are entrusted with the task to ensure economic security, provided the opportunity to refer the following types of administrative and legal means of ensuring economic security by the National Police of Ukraine: 1) means of persuasion, positive incentives or incentives that contribute to raising the creative activity of legal relations participants, based on their quest for positive results of their work, to the realization of social and personal interests; 2) measures of administrative coercion, which are used for the purpose of prevention, termination of offenses, ensuring proceedings in cases on administrative offenses and bringing offenders to administrative liability. The application of administrative coercion is one of the important factors in strengthening the rule of law, discipline and organization in the field of economics, protection of the management order established in this area.
The conducted research should become the basis for studying the problems of certain administrative and legal means of ensuring economic security by the National Police of Ukraine, which is a perspective direction for further scientific research.
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