The concept of a certain forensic technique and its types
The forensic technique is one of the sections of forensic science which task is to develop recommendations for the effective investigation of certain types of crimes. Nowadays there is no consensus among scholars about the concept of a certain forensic technique, its types, structure and tasks.
The objective of the work is to determine the concept of a certain forensic technique and its types, taking into account the contemporary development of scientific ideas about criminalistics.
The author of the article has revealed the modern tasks of a certain forensic technique, has determined the sphere of distribution of forensic recommendations. The classification of methods of investigation of certain types of crimes has been offered taking into account the taxonomy, which will lead the construction, implementation of new and modernization of existing forensic techniques to a new level.
It has been noted that the current development of criminalistics leads to the need to apply forensic recommendations both at the stage of pre-trial investigation, and during the judicial review of criminal proceedings. In this regard, one of the tasks of a certain forensic technique is the development of methodological recommendations not only for investigators, but also for prosecutors, judges.
A certain forensic technique in the opinion of the author is the system of typed criminalistic recommendations in a certain form stipulated by investigative (court) situations and by the subject matter of proving regarding the most appropriate complexes of procedural actions, operative and search activities and tactical operations, their combination with the use of technical and forensic means and tactical methods according to the type of crimes aimed at the effective detection, consolidation, evaluation and use of evidence in criminal proceedings.
Types of certain forensic techniques are allocated on various features, which take into account both criminal and criminalistic criteria and make up the following levels: group, species, generic, intergeneric (complex).
Zhuravel V.A., 2015. Certain methods in the system of forensic skills [Okremi metodyky v systemi kryminalistychnykh znan]. Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoi komertsiinoi akademii. Seriia yurydychna – Herald of LUTE. Law Sciences, Iss. 1, pp. 187-200.
Gross G., 2002. Guidance for judicial investigators as the system of criminalistics [Rukovodstvo dlya sudebnykh sledovatelei kak sistema kriminalistiki]. Moscow: LeksEst.
Belkin R.S., 1997. Criminalistics encyclopedia [Kriminalisticheskaya entsiklopediya]. Moscow: Yurist.
Kornoukhov V.E., 2004. On the structure of crime investigation methods [O srukture metodik po rassledovaniyu prestuplenii]. Vestnik kriminalistiki – Bulletin of criminalistics, Iss. 2, pp. 21-28.
Shepitko V.Yu., 2017. Problems of typization of certain forensic methods [Problemy typizatsii okremykh kryminalistychnykh metodyk]. Naukovì pracì Nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu “Odesʹka ûridična akademìâ” – Research Papers of National University “Odessa Law Academy”, Vol. XIX, pp. 445-451.
Shchur B.V., 2010. Theoretical basis for the formation and application of forensic techniques [Teoretychni osnovy formuvannia ta zastosuvannia kryminalistychnykh metodyk]. Kharkiv: Kharkiv yurydychnyi.
Korchagin A.A., 2013. Forensic technique of preliminary investigation and court hearings on murder cases (problems of theory and practice) [Kriminalisticheskaya metodika predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya i sudebnogo razbiratel`stva po delam ob ubiistvakh (problemy teorii i praktiki)]. Moscow: Yurlitinform. (Ed.: Gavlo V.K.).
Busel V.T. (compositor and chief ed.), 2005. Great explanatory dictionary of modern Ukrainian language [Velykyi tlumachnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy]. Kyiv; Irpin: Perun.
Zhuravel V., 2011. Private criminalistics method: concept and purview [Okrema kryminalistychna metodyka: poniattia ta sfera zastosuvannia]. Vìsnik Akademìï pravovih nauk Ukraïni – Journal of the Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, No. 2, pp. 202-213. Available at http://dspace.nulau.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/7438/1/Zhuravel_202.pdf [Accessed 22 December 2018].
Knizhenko S.O., 2017. The concept and principles of the formation of a private criminalistics methodology [Ponyatie i printsipy formirovaniya chastnoi kriminalisticheskoi metodiki]. Legea şi viaţa, No. 8/2, pp. 64-68.
Mukhin G.N. (ed.), 2010. Criminalistics [Kriminalistika]: in 3 parts. Part 3. Minsk: Akademiya MVD.
Volobuiev A.F., 2001. Scientific fundamentals of complex investigation methods of crimes for gain in the sphere of entrepreneurship [Naukovi osnovy kompleksnoi metodyky rozsliduvannia koryslyvykh zlochyniv u sferi pidpryiemnytstva]. D.Sc. dissertation. University of Internal Affairs.
Belkin R.S., 2000. Criminalistics encyclopedia [Kriminalisticheskaya entsiklopediya]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Megatron XXI.
Stepaniuk R.L., 2012. Forensic provision of the investigation of crimes committed in the budget sphere of Ukraine [Kryminalistychne zabezpechennia rozsliduvannia zlochyniv, vchynenykh u biydzhetnii sferi Ukrainy]. Kharkiv: NikaNova. (Ed.: Volobuiev A.F.).
Shipunov A.B., 1999. Fundamentals of the taxonomy theory [Osnovy teorii sistematiki]. Moscow: Universitet.
Prokhorov A.M. (ed.), 1976. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia [Bol`shaya Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya]: in 30 vols. Vol. 25. 3rd ed. Moscow: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya.
Abstract views: 24 PDF Downloads: 21
Copyright (c) 2018 S. O. Knizhenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.