The structure of forensic characteristics of murders committed by convicts in prisons
In order to keep and strengthen law and order in prisons it is very important to have both the final results of investigating crimes committed by convicts, and the results of certain procedural actions that ensure the timeliness and validity of criminal proceedings, the rapid establishment of a perpetrator by the help of evidence, to take necessary measures for his isolation from other convicts, the urgency of identifying and eliminating the causes and conditions that contributed to the commission of a crime. Investigation of a crime in accordance with the above mentioned requirements allows completely, comprehensively and objectively to establish the circumstances, which are subject to proving within criminal proceedings. Preliminary clarification of such circumstances is a necessary precondition for proper hearing the case by the court and the appointment of legal and substantiated criminal penalties for guilty party. This allows to achieve the objectives of general and special crime prevention by persons held in prisons in the most effective method.
The author of the article has analyzed the practice of pre-trial investigation agencies and scientific views regarding the establishment and disclosure of the structure of the elements of forensic characteristic of murders committed by convicts in prisons. The notion of the structure as a system of elements of forensic characteristic has been defined and solved. The author of the dissertation has analyzed scientific thoughts, which reveal the notion of forensic characteristic, as well as its elements and defines the specific elements of forensic characteristic of murders committed by convicts in prisons.
In the author’s opinion, the elements of forensic characteristic of murders committed by convicts in prisons include the following: a) offender’s personality and his behavior towards the commission of a crime and after; b) place, time and circumstances of committing a crime; c) the method of committing a crime; d) the conditions for the protection of the object; e) victim’s personality; f) method of withholding a crime.
The study allowed to identify a number of issues, the solution of which may assist to improve the procedures for detecting and investigating criminal offenses related to murders committed by convicts in prisons.
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