Secret and investigative activities of militia in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1920s

Keywords: militia, operative criminal investigation’s activity, new economic policy, agents, informants.

Abstract

The process of formation of operational and search activities in militia of Soviet Ukraine in 1920s has been researched. This problem is not enough studied and has been just started to be developed.

It has been established that operational and search activities in militia of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic started together with the formation of the criminal investigation office in the Republic. The author has analyzed the legal basis of criminal investigation office’s organization, involvement of agents and informants for combating crime and usage of other covert methods of work. It has been indicated that the concepts of “secret agent” and “covert informant” differed in those days. Secret-service agents were referred to as people who had a certain monthly salary, who were assigned with certain intelligence tasks both according to their residence and on-site to other places. Covert informants were called people who provided information on specific crimes and representatives of the criminal world for criminal investigation office without leaving their main profession or occupation. Personnel of covert informants had to be enrolled mainly among persons close to the criminal world and those who had a continuous relationship with it, or among large institutions – enterprises, factories, plants or cooperatives, where embezzlement could happen, as well as within the institutions, which were in charge of the distribution of supplies and transport. Secret-service agents in order of conspiracy could be provided with documents under the fictitious name from various Soviet institutions and enterprises.

Specific examples of solving crimes with the help of secret-service agents and covert informants have been provided; and the shortcomings of this work have been summarized. The author has summed up that despite the lack of personnel and financial difficulties, inherent to this period of the republic’s history, secret and investigative activities played a significant role in combating crime and solving crimes.

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References

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Abstract views: 27
PDF Downloads: 6
Published
2018-12-03
How to Cite
Grechenko, V. (2018) “Secret and investigative activities of militia in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1920s”, Bulletin of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, 74(3), pp. 84-95. Available at: http://visnyk.univd.edu.ua/index.php/VNUAF/article/view/104 (Accessed: 17October2019).

Section
PROBLEMS OF CRIME COMBATING AND KEEPING PUBLIC ORDER

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